Analyst on Romania, Bulgaria and Moldova at the Central Europe Programme. A graduate of Master's degrees in law and political science at the Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw and post-graduate in national security at the Academy of National Defense in Warsaw. He also studied political science at the Universitatea de Vest din Timişoara in Romania. He was awarded the Bronze Cross of Merit. Co-author of the book series: "Nationality issues in Central and Eastern Europe". He speaks English, Russian and Romanian.