Paradoxically, there is both a real crisis and a false alarm in Hungary when it comes to refugees. Yet, the first is over-shadowed by the second because the government’s campaign is mistakenly targeted at all immigrants, without regard to asylum seekers. This not only limits efforts invested in effective crisis-management measures but also produces long-term harm in social attitudes towards foreigners. At the same time, the Hungarian claims for more attention and support from the EU are legitimate. If the debate in Brussels continues to be limited only to Italy and Greece, the EU will tacitly allow the situation along the Balkans route to worsen, with consequences for the whole Union.