The next issue of PISM Policy Papers by Susanne Dröge (SWP), Thomas Spencer (IDDRI), Alexandra Deprez (IDDRI), Liz Gallagher (E3G), Artur Gradziuk (PISM), Andrei Marcu (CEPS) and Sebastian Oberthür (IES)
Prior to the Paris Climate Conference each country is to submit an Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) – a vision of the country’s efforts to tackle climate change. The EU’s submission is very clear in its goal to reduce greenhouse gases emissions by 40% by 2030, but it leaves room for defining precisely how the Union plans to achieve this target. The European INDC also lacks specifics on the adaptation and climate finance, thus putting at risk the EU’s ability to build a more ambitious coalition in support of the Paris Agreement. Also important for the Union is to hammer out plans for adjusting its domestic policy processes to regular five-year review cycles.