“The goal of a Europe whole, free and at peace remains as vital today as it did in 1989. This important book brings together policymakers and experts from both sides of the Atlantic for a timely discussion of how to achieve that goal for the 21st century.”
— Madeleine K. Albright, served as U.S. Secretary of State between 1997–2001
“Europe is not yet Whole and Free as we dreamt it would be in the heady days of 1989. But Europe is wholer and freer than it has ever been in its history. Russia and Belarus are the only two countries whose people are denied the right to choose their own government. One day they will have that right which the rest of Europe now enjoys. This volume of essays is essential reading for those who wish to understand the last 30 years; three decades of European history which, whatever the setbacks and disappointments, have transformed our continent and the lives of those who are its citizens.”
—Sir Malcolm Rifkind, served as Foreign Minister and Minister of Defence in the United Kingdom Government between 1992–1997
„A great book about Europe‘s finest years, a convincing but unfinished strategic architecture.“
—Volker Rühe, served as Federal Minister of Defence in German Government between 1992–1998
CHAPTER ONE: ROOTS
Peace without Victory
The Vision Thing
Making Plan A Work: For Europe, the American Presence Remains Essential
A Chance That Was?
Europe Whole and Free: Mission Accomplished or an Unfulfilled Promise?
Russia: A European Headache
A Europe Whole and Counterfactual?
U.S. Congressional Engagement with Central and Eastern Europe since 1991: Ending the Balkan Wars and Pursuing NATO Enlargement
Dov S. Zakheim
Europe Whole and Free: What Three Decades Have Wrought
CHAPTER TWO: INSTITUTIONS
After a Europe Whole and Free
30 Years Later
NATO Enlargement: Still One of the Best Accomplishments of the 20th Century
Stephen J. Flanagan
Sustaining the Promise of Mainz
Predicting the Past and Unmaking the Future
Has the West Achieved George Bush’s Vision or Abandoned It?
Why European Unity and Freedom Still Matter to the United States
Neither Eulogy nor Euphoria: The EU Learns to Live with a World Order Other than Its Own
The Thirty-Year False Peace: A Mostly Free, but Divided Europe
A Europe Whole and Free: Vision, Accomplishment, or Unfulfilled Pledge—A NATO Perspective
CHAPTER THREE: FUTURE
Four Challenges and One Solution for the Unity of Europe
“A Europe Whole and Free”: Where We Are and What Still Needs to Be Done
We Are at the End of One Era and at the Beginning of Another
Heather A. Conley
A Europe That Is No Longer Whole and Free
How Can Russia Get Back to Europe?
Vladimir V. Kara-Murza
A Europe “Whole and Free” Is Possible When Russia Returns to Democracy
For Europe to Be Whole and Free, Ukraine Must Be Whole and Free, and at Peace
Europe’s Struggle Against Illiberal Oligarchy
Advancing Europe Whole and Free: A Baltic Perspective
Jana Kobzová and Tomáš Valášek
Europe Un-whole and Unfree: What if Things had Turned Out Completely Differently?
Daniel S. Hamilton
Europe: Whole and Free or Fractured and Anxious?
* * *
George H. W. Bush
“A Whole Europe, A Free Europe” Delivered on 31 May 1989, Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany
About the Authors
Index of name