2019-08-30 - Bulletin

Artur Kacprzyk, Marcin Andrzej Piotrowski

U.S. Development of Intermediate-Range Missiles after Its Withdrawal from the INF Treaty

After its withdrawal from the INF Treaty, the U.S. is planning to introduce new ground-launched missiles with ranges of 500-5,500 km. Already in the final part of President Donald Trump’s first term, the administration might start talks with Asian and European allies on stationing these missiles. The development of the majority of these systems will take at least a few years and has already resulted in controversy in the U.S. Congress and within NATO. Russia will seek to prevent their deployment, especially in Europe, while also presenting the U.S. actions as a pretext for the further expansion of the Russian missile arsenal.

2019-08-30 - Bulletin

Jędrzej Czerep

Turkey's Soft-Power Crisis in Africa

Since the 1990s, Turkey has been developing its soft power in Africa to support its economic and political expansion south of the Sahara. Schools and other institutions associated with the Fethullah Gülen movement (Hizmet) were instrumental in building Turkish-oriented local elites, raising interest in Turkish culture, and building Turkey’s image as synonymous with success. However, the fallout from the 2016 coup attempt in Ankara marked the definitive end of the synergy between Hizmet and the Turkish state. This created a new context in which Turkey’s pressures and direct interference in African governments’ affairs accompany a revision of its soft-power instruments.

2019-08-30 - Comment

Anna Maria Dyner

U.S. National Security Advisor Bolton's visit to Minsk

On 29 August, National Security Advisor of the United States John Bolton visited Minsk. He is the highest-ranking representative of the American authorities to come to Belarus in 25 years. He met with President Alexander Lukashenka and Foreign Minister Uladzimir Makei. Bolton’s visit shows the growing role of Belarus in the U.S. policy towards Eastern Europe.

 

2019-08-29 - Bulletin

Sebastian Płóciennik

The German Economy in Downturn: Effect on Poland and the EU

The recent economic slump in Germany is mainly caused by weaker global growth and uncertainty from trade conflicts. Among the potential countermeasures, a large fiscal package is being discussed that is expected to strengthen domestic demand. How Germany responds to the threat of recession will be important for Poland and its economy due to strong trade links with its western neighbour.

2019-08-28 - Bulletin

Maciej Pawłowski

The Role of Unidas Podemos in the Formation of the Next Spanish Government

On 23 and 25 of July, the Spanish parliament failed to pass a vote of confidence in the Pedro Sánchez minority Socialist government. The main reason was the lack of support from left-wing Unidas Podemos (UP) and regional parties. A crucial agreement with UP is still possible. No deal will lead to political instability and collaboration between UP and separatist parties. However, UP is against euro-atlantic cooperation. For this reason, its participation in the government may make Spain’s relations with the EU and NATO more difficult.